This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of

    the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.




    The Ontario Curriculum Grades 9 and 10: Science identifies overall expectations, which describe in general terms the knowledge and skills that students are expected to demonstrate by the end of this course.  This course is broken down into five different units


    Unit A:    Scientific Investigation Skills and Career Exploration

    Unit B:    Biology: Sustainable Ecosystems

    Unit C:    Chemistry: Atoms, Elements and Compounds

    Unit D:    Earth and Space Science:The Study of the Universe

    Unit E:    Physics: The Characteristics of Electricity


    Unit A:   Scientific Investigation Skills and Career Exploration 

    • demonstrate scientific investigation skills (related to both inquiry and research) in the four areas of skills (initiating and planning, performing and recording, analyzing and interpreting, and communicating);
    • identify and describe a variety of careers related to the fields of science under study, and identify scientists, including Canadians, who have made contributions to those fields.


    Unit B:   Biology:  The Sustainability of Ecosystems 

    • assess the impact of human activities on the sustainability of terrestrial and/or aquatic ecosystems, and evaluate the effectiveness of courses of action intended to remedy or mitigate negative impacts;
    • investigate factors related to human activity that affect terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, and explain how they affect the sustainability of these ecosystems;
    • demonstrate an understanding of the dynamic nature of ecosystems, particularly in terms of ecological balance and the impact of human activity on the sustainability of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.\


    Unit C:   ChemistryAtoms, Elements and Compounds


    • assess social, environmental, and economic impacts of the use of common elements and compounds, with reference to their physical and chemical properties;
    • investigate, through inquiry, the physical and chemical properties of common elements and compounds;
    • demonstrate an understanding of the properties of common elements and compounds, and of the organization of elements in the periodic table.


    Unit D    Earth and Space ScienceThe Study of the Universe


    • assess some of the costs, hazards, and benefits of space exploration and the contributions of Canadians to space research and technology;
    • investigate the characteristics and properties of a variety of celestial objects visible from Earth inthe night sky;
    • demonstrate an understanding of the major scientific theories about the structure, formation, and evolution of the universe and its components and of the evidence that supports these theories.


    Unit E    Physics:  The Characteristics of Electricity


    • assess some of the costs and benefits associated with the production of electrical energy from renewable and non‑renewable sources, and analyse how electrical efficiencies and savings can be achieved, through both the design of technological devices and practices in the home; 
    • investigate, through inquiry, various aspects of electricity, including the properties of static and current electricity, and the quantitative relationships between potential difference, current, and resistance in electrical circuits;
    • demonstrate an understanding of the principles of static and current electricity.